As a feeling arose that something was coming in from behind me, I slowly turned 180 degrees, being ever so cautious not to let the ladder stand that I was hunting in make any unwanted noise. My intuition was on point, I could see a lone gobbler feeding down a fence row that led directly under my treestand. In my head I was thinking like every other beginning crossbow hunter, having no movement and being equipped with faster arrows would allow for shooting further than normal, basically this hunt was all but over, all that was left to do is to load this gobbler in my truck. Unfortunately, the scenario and the over confident way that I anticipated this hunt going, isn’t the way that it ended.

Once the gobbler came within 40 yards, I took aim through the scope of my crossbow and squeezed the trigger. The bolt flew so fast through the air that I almost missed witnessing it hit the gobbler behind the left wing. The gobbler didn’t fly, rather it quickly ran up a hill then entered the timber. After it disappeared, I was left questioning myself as to if I had made a good shot, perhaps I was seeing things and the bolt didn’t actually hit the gobbler. Every bowhunter knows the doubts that run through one’s head when faced with the uncertainty in knowing if a clean harvest was made or not. On this particular hunt, I used a lightweight bolt because I wanted speed and distance out of my crossbow. It’s sad to say, but I was unsuccessful in recovering the gobbler on that hunt. I found one small drop of blood, I never found my bolt as well as no other sign of a successful shot. It’s the worst feeling that a bowhunter can have, in not knowing if the gobbler survived and it makes one want to go home and regroup, studying what could have been changed to make the hunt successful.

Since that unsuccessful hunt, I have done research, tested for myself, as well as used in the field different types of equipment to make sure that I am able to make the deadliest shot possible, in hopes that I never experience an unsuccessful recovery again. I have discovered when it comes to hunting turkeys or larger game such as deer or elk with a crossbow, it is not about faster speeds and longer shots as much as I first thought, instead it is about creating better penetration from heavier arrows instead of the traditional bolt that most crossbow hunters are accustomed to.

Choosing The Right Crossbow Arrow

Finding the right arrow for crossbow hunting can be like that of a long-distance firearm shooter finding the perfect load. Shooting an arrow that fits the hunters chosen weapon is crucial in success once ready to hunt. Choosing the proper weight and length is the first steps in proper arrow selection. Recently I have been shooting the Ten Point Shadow NXT which is a crossbow capable of shooting speeds up to 380 FPS with up to 122 FP’s of kinetic energy. Since it is a harder shooting crossbow, I paired it up with the Easton FMJ crossbow arrows which are 22”, have a core diameter of 0.344, and have a GPI of 13.7. The old saying of “shoot what fits you and your equipment” is true. Even though I matched up a hard shooting crossbow with heavy arrows, I still shot multiple arrows at a block style target, as well as a Delta McKenzie 3D Deer Target to figure out how deep my arrow penetrated the targets, as well as how accurate of groups each one produced. When shooting, I will shoot at multiple distances, angles, and even elevations from the ground as well as in a treestand to try and recreate every possible hunting scenario. This is where I confirmed that I needed to eliminate lighter weight arrows and choose the heavier arrows, simply because they had better results.

Why Is Heavier Better?

When using modern crossbows that are capable of shooting 350+ FPS, a heavier arrow is always a good idea. The most common reason is because lighter arrows tend to not be as accurate when shot with more force and in my own personal experience, a heavier arrow seems to have better knockdown. This theory goes for turkeys as well as big game animals. For example, when turkey hunting, if one has ever tried to pick up a gobbler a few seconds after they have made their shot, they know the power that a gobbler has when their wings hit the hunter that is trying to pick them up. The power is so strong that it has caused many injuries to hunters. This same strength is also what can snap an arrow after being shot, which can lead to an unsuccessful harvest. Using a heavier arrow such as Easton’s FMJ crossbow arrows creates deeper penetration, plus holds up to the abuse of a turkey’s wings as well as the initial flopping that occurs when a gobbler is successfully hit. When the arrow holds up and continues to penetrate once it hits the turkey, a hunter will in turn, see more successful harvests.

The same goes for larger bodied, thicker skinned animals such as deer or elk. Using a heavier crossbow arrow will provide more penetration, more pass throughs and the best part, better blood trails. When using a lighter weight arrow, the possibility of having it pass through so fast that it doesn’t provide as lethal of a shot is not the ideal scenario. Thus, having a harder hitting arrow that causes more damage, which in turn creates a better blood trail, means faster recoveries, and no animals wounded to only be lost and never recovered.

At the end of the day, when choosing the proper arrows for crossbow hunting, I try to remember that I am hunter who wants to harvest an animal cleanly, quickly and respectfully. Choosing heavier arrows produces the largest amount of kinetic energy, resulting in deeper penetration, more momentum, as well as improved in-flight stability that can withstand wind, rain, and debris. A perfect combination for a proper hunting arrow. This kind of gear selection gives me the confidence that I will always make a clean harvest no matter what game I am hunting.

Heath Wood has been published in many major hunting magazines, websites, and blogs for over the last 15 years. His favorite topics include deer, turkey, and predator hunting. Wood has also appeared on Bass Pro Shop's Outdoor World TV, Hunters Specialties' The Stuff of Legends and the popular DVD series Cuttin' and Struttin', as well as the NWTF's Turkey Call TV. Heath enjoys helping introduce newcomers to hunting.

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